The Pataleshwar Cave Temple is a rock-cut cave temple, carved out in the in the Rashtrakuta period. This small 8th century temple is located in the heart of the Pune city at Shivaji Nagar at Jangali Maharaj Road . It is a perfect example of rock-cut architecture. The cave temple was modeled on the rock temple of Elephanta. However, the construction of the temple never got fully completed and the resemblance remained partial only. There is a cave in the vicinity of the temple, the reason for the temple getting its name as the ‘Pataleshwar Cave Temple’. It is also called Panchaleshvara or Bamburde here.
The temple, made of basalt rock, is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. The sactum – a cube-shaped room about 3-4 meters on each side – houses a linga – the symbol of Shiva and there are two smaller cells on each side. In front of the cave is a circular Nandi mandapa, its umbrella shaped canopy supported by massive square pillars. This mandapa is one of the peculiar structures of Pataleshwar.